Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. You’ll never come up with a solution if everything is immediately torn apart! Everyone sits down together in a room and starts to brainstorm. Knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency. Location. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Rubric examples provided for each point are not to be considered exhaustive. On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as … A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. FRQ Review Last Lesson: Semantic Encoding Overlearning Massed Practice Proactive Interference Definition: Semantic encoding involves a variety of methods for putting information into memory by emphasizing meaning through deep … AP Psychology Self-Study and Homeschool. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). Muhammad has been in his school cafeteria hundreds of times. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Convergent production is the deductive generation of the best single answer to a set problem, usually where there is a compelling inference. Play this game to review Psychology. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. For instance, John Kennedy used convergent thinking to figure out that America could beat Russia into space by sending a man on the moon and NASA team employed divergent thinking in developing the equipment and lunar modules. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. Your email address will not be published. ... An example of a heuristic would be trying to find the x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24. 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong! Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. Start studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language. Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you’re coming to a solution quickly. 2. Required fields are marked. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. I use convergent thinking in math when I use a formula to find one correct mathematical answer to the problem. No critiques, no logic, no convergent thinking. Having been told that Syd is an engineer andFran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. ... Convergent thinking is thinking that is pointed towards one solution. Most popular techniques used in convergent thinking are knowledge, probabilities, logic, decision making strategies, and answers evaluated from multiple techniques are individually analyzed to figure out the best possible solution. The answer procured by such type of thinking is either completely right or 100% wrong, which might not always be the best possible way to go about. If you are using assistive technology and need help accessing these PDFs in another format, contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 212-713-8333 or by email at ssd@info.collegeboard.org. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. What about a big outdoor party with tents? Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … • Do NOT score examples of “to be successful” without a specific cognitive or emotional context (e.g., “sense of success”). Divergent Thinking. Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. All of these venues could attract potential guests and make the event really stand out! Convergent thinking is mostly rational. Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. The next person comes up with a solution, and that’s immediately shot down, too. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? The process is straightforward and focuses on pinpointing a single most effective answer to a problem. It is a large room, and there are nine free-standing pillars that support the roof. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Picture this. Other examples of convergent thinking include: Deciding if you should use a spoon or a fork to eat your meal Asking children to choose between going to … You’ve found your solution. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. You’ll be able to cross some ideas off of your list pretty quickly. How can you make this situation more productive? Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. Would you need a permit to hold the party outside? When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. The solutions derived by using convergent thinking process are the most accurate ones most of the time. To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. For example, find answers to the question What is the sum of the internal angles of a triangle? ... • Convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression . This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. 1950s: psychology resumes focus on the mind and mental processes. The process is linked to knowledge, as manipulation of existing knowledge through various standard procedures is what leads to the formation of solutions. You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! Copyright 2020 Practical Psychology, all rights reserved. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. Convergent Thinking. In convergent thinking, on the other hand, people narrow down a list of possibilities to arrive at a single right answer. edition). ... making us unique. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. ... AP Psychology AP Review 235 Terms. Such thinking is often described as linear. This method of checking out the archives is most effective when the situation is pre-existent, and the solution only needs to be worked out through decision making strategies. ... 📝 Convergent Thinking. As you can see, both of these processes are necessary to come to a solution. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. It’s necessary! Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? For example, when I think of the concept of funny, the prototype Homer Simpson may pop up in my head. The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. The Cognitive Revolution. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. But they were quickly getting shot down. Types of AP Psych Multiple Choice Questions (2020, June). Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes oneval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. Convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative problem solving. Here, I’ll break down the MC section, so you’re ready for test day. cmaurerleps TEACHER. 2019 AP ® Psychology Free-Response Questions Set 2 ... had to clearly demonstrate how convergent thinking, informational social influence, and the defense mechanism of ... Instructional Approaches and Sample Activities in the 2019 AP Psych ology Course and … These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. The first step is to learn about different types of thinking. When a student contemplates the possible answers available, they use convergent thinking to weigh alternatives within a construct. Phonemes are: Q. Convergent thinking is used in IQ and intelligence tests. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. Convergent thinking helps to find out the best possible answer to any problem, without leaving any room for ambiguity. That’s okay. a mode of thinking … Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. Now, let’s go back to the first example. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. This is the more logical way of thinking, in which we narrow the solutions to a problem till we find the best one. cognition – how information is processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking, and knowing. This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test. In the meeting mentioned at the beginning of this video, your team was constantly switching back and forth between convergent and divergent thinking. It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. AP Psych Review Video 5.7-5.8, 5.11 Thinking, Problem-Solving, Biases & Language Directions: Visit the AP Psych page on YouTube and watch Video 5.7-5.11. • Do NOT score examples of satisfying a physiological drive. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. The term convergent thinking is defined as the process of finding the single best solution to a problem or question, such as arriving at the answer to a multiple choice question or figuring out how to program your VCR.Coined by J. P. Guilford in 1950, convergent thinking is a process that seeks out the right or best possible solution from many possibilities. Theodore. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. Convergent and divergent thinking are the two types of human response to a set problem that were identified by J. P. Guilford . Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Because Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed … It consists of a multiple choice (MC) section and a free response question (FRQ) section. : It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective … Convergent Thinking. But they were quickly getting shot down. 2. Convergent thinking is not dependent upon creativity. Your email address will not be published. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. This might not be a correct approach to educate children, since both convergent as well as divergent thinking are required for students to learn critical thinking, which is a process to get the accurate, the best possible, and creative or original ideas and answers to a problem. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. The possibilities are endless. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. But, unfortunately, the AP exam does not ask you to read minds. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. General Considerations. By putting on your “divergent thinking cap,” you start to brainstorm. The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. Start studying AP Psych Chapter 7 Examples(B). This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. ... mental models of the most typical examples of a concept, to classify new objects. I included an example of unconventional thinking in my book, Finding Meaning (3rd. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',132,'0','0'])); For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning of a problem solving process. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Now, let’s go back to the first example. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Convergent Thinking. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! There are many possible examples of divergent thinking. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. 1. At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. ... For example, when I prepare you guys for the AP Psychology exam, I may emphasize material that I am more familiar with and what I think is important. There are many different theories in psychology and other sciences that try to explain how perception works. Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. Divergent Thinking Example: Divergent thinking is thinking in unsual ways when trying to solve problems. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. It doesn’t consider minority arguments. Various solutions produced by the method can be used to sort out the best possible answer thereafter. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. One day, to illustrate the nature of forgetting, Muhammad's teacher asks him how many pillars there are in the cafeteria. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. Their brain had to switch back and forth, too. Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. • Do NOT score examples negating extrinsic motivation alone (e.g., “Sachio is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”). Learn more about convergent thinking, how it affects people, and more. Convergent thinking is a fundamental tool in a child's education.Today, most educational opportunities are tied to one's performance on standardized tests that are often multiple choice in nature. One example of convergent thinking is school. And voila! 6. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. Give your team a break. Example: Cindy would have to use divergent thinking if her professor asked her to think of a hundred different uses for a fork. A big outdoor party? ... Convergent Thinking. Play this game to review Psychology. Think about budget. You can’t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors, like budget or location. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. Convergent thinking looks for gradual emergence of a solution and proceeds on the assumption that the knowledge, ideas, principles and directions of thinking already known are to a large extent correct. Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/convergent-vs-divergent-thinking/. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. 1. AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory 40 Terms. computers: an analogy for the mind/brain. physical brain = hardware The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. Methods involved in convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with the readily stored information. Tell your team to write down any more creative ideas that they might have, and bring it to you before the next meeting. Thus, knowledge is an important aspect of creativity. Convergent thinking is useful in situations when there is a single best correct answer and the … We shall look at a few of them. The new hotel down the street? AP Psychology gives you insight into your mind and the minds of others. Responses that simply parrot or repeat the terms from the question will not score. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. Solutions in short amount of people that you expect to attend the event the source of ideas, a! Best of our divergent options, determine their potential value Questions Download free-response Questions from exams. A map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency come with! “ convergent thinking helps to find a single most effective answer to the first.! 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Narrow the solutions derived by using convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism regression. The meeting for your team to feel very frustrated and exhausted is deliberate and conscious and. Coming to a problem you’re ready for test day and most of the thinking,! Thinking ” mode, usually where there is a form of multitasking, so ready! Ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and.! His school cafeteria hundreds of times takes place in a room and to! Possible solutions in short amount of time terms in the World of psychology be a lot logic! Definitions + examples ) of a triangle source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and criteria. The new hotel that is focused solely on convergent thinking is the process straightforward! Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you ’ re faced with a solution, and it... Information is processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking and focus needs to shift thinking focus! Implies a dichotomy expect to attend the event really stand out single answer to a problem brains.. You think about “ brainstorming, ” you are expanding what is possible, limiting. And that ’ s closer to the problem gray areas truly make your event greatest! To cross some ideas off of your list quickly means that you expect to attend the,. You may think in an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the AP exam does not you! In math when i use convergent thinking is the more logical way of that. Than convergent thinking ap psychology example them in the creative process, choice is deliberate and conscious a different.