Each clan may have more than one address name, for example the Xulu clan has the address names: Donda, Gxabhashe and Makhathini. Clicks are stops produced with two points of contact in the mouth: one forward and one in the back. Contact Us. They are marked with an apostrophe /’/. Neither vowel length, nor tones are represented in writing. Gatsheni! IsiZulu, more commonly shorted to Zulu, is one of the 11 official languages of this country. It has been a language that has existed in the southeastern African area for hundreds of years, since before the 16th century. Written Zulu was thus discovered in the 19th century. Zulu nouns belong to 15 different classes, roughly based on semantic features. Zulu and all other native Southern African languages was at first an oral language. Implosive consonants are produced by inhaling rather than exhaling the air. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Zulu language. It has tones and a rich consonantal system that contains click sounds, ejectives and implosives. © 2014 - 2020. Breathy-voiced consonants are produced when the vocal cords vibrate, as they do in normal voicing, but are held further apart, so that a volume of air escapes between them. Symbol (head) The letter Z in the ICAO spelling alphabet. Like other Southern Bantu languages, Zulu has borrowed words from the Khoisan languages, and from English and Afrikaans. All rights reserved. CLICK SOUNDS. Practice the Zulu clicks. This produces an audible noise. You see today (my child) in a new home (my child) in a new culture (my child) you must behave well, oh my child, Uzothwal’ umgqomo (ngane yami), uyokh’ amanzi (ngane yami) Known as the "click click" language, 8 million speak Xhosa fluently. There are, however, 1.9 million Zulu speakers in Gauteng and 82 000 in Mpumalanga. Zulu, Xhosa, Ndelebele and Swati share most of the basic vocabulary and grammar. oh, ngane yami! Now you will get the Zulu texts. You type Zulu sentence, then click to translate button. Zulu Like Xhosa, Zulu is a member of the Nguni group of languages. (In Khoisan languages, it's 40 to 60 percent.) Take a look at Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Zulu. These missionaries used the Latin alphabet to write the Zulu language… Zulu is also spoken in Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, and Mozambique. Look at this original wedding song composed and sung by Khayelitsha Mambazo United, a Cape Town based isicathamiya group. Xhosa is a tone language with two inherent tones, low and high. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. and someone from the Mzolo clan would be addressed Dlangamandla!. Søg efter jobs der relaterer sig til Zulu language clicks, eller ansæt på verdens største freelance-markedsplads med 18m+ jobs. About the Zulu Language. The inventory is taken from Wikipedia. ICAO spelling alphabet---- xhosa . Many Dutch and English words have been incorporated into the language. Ethnologue identifies two dialects of Zulu: Lala and Qwabe. The South African Broadcasting Corporation has domestic television and radio in Zulu. 206-221) Oxford University Press, 1978. Hello (to one and to more than one respectively). 11.7 6 million speakers as a first language and by an estimated 15.7 million speakers as a second language. Verbs consist of a root plus prefixes and suffixes that represent different verbal categories such as subject and object agreement, tense, causation, reciprocity, negation, and aspect. Doke's nasal-click letters were based on the letter ... with multigraphs based on the pipe letters for clicks, or on the Zulu alphabet, with multigraphs based on c q x for clicks. The Xhosa language is a Niger-Congo language, of the Bantu language branch. There are approximately 10.67 million Zulu speakers in South Africa, the majority of whom live in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. There still remain today those who are of the ethnic group amaXhosa, though in current mod… These sounds will likely be difficult for you to incorporate into your speech if you come from an English or European language background. If you want to know someone’s clan name you can ask Ungowaphi? English. Shaka Zulu All these consonants are followed by a soft sounding zu’ngabanak’ abantu (ngane yami), zuz’phathe kahle (oh ngane yami) Zulu is the mother tongue of the Zulu people, South's Africa largest ethnic group, who created an empire in the 19th century. Zulu has the following click consonants which can be modified in a variety of ways, such as aspirated, breathy-voiced or nasalized. Take a look at Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Zulu. These click sounds are not found in the rest of Africa. Furthermore, it exhibits a wide range of ‘exotic’ sounds, such as an implosive bilabial stop, as well as an extensive range of clicks with a variety of phonetic accompaniments. Zulu is an African language that includes clicking sounds, represented by the letters "c," "q," and "x." During the early 19th century Christian missionaries, including J W Colenso, S B Stone, H Callaway and Lewis Grant devised a way to write Zulu. The Address Name (isithakazelo). There are many different click sounds in Zulu. Zulu has a Roman-based orthography which was developed by Christian missionaries in the 19th century and adapted to represent the sounds of the language. Zulu Clicks. (literally: Where are you from?) The Nguni people have lived together with other Southern tribes like the San and Khoi. nq : pronounced as n but with the tongue pressed just behind the top teeth. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, clicks are represented by placing the assigned symbol for the place of click articulation to the left of a symbol for a non-click sound at the same place of articulation. The clan name is usually thought to be that of the founder of the clan and is also usually the surname. Thus the clan name Qwabe has the address name Gumede, which is now the surname of some members of the Qwabe clan. Terms of Use In Jn CS., i, p. 38, we read: " Zulu-Kafir will become the second language of South Africa if its exponents are wise enough to eliminate the silly clicks which at present mar its phonology . The Zulu language is referred to as ‘isiZulu’, and is the most widely spoken home language of the eleven official languages in South Africa. gc : pronounced as g (as in gate) but with the tip of the tongue pressed against the top front teeth. How difficult is it to learn Zulu? Originally inhabited by those who referred to themselves as the amaXhosa tribe, and who called the language itself isiXhosa, the language has taken on much influence from the surrounding countries and languages. The population total for all countries is estimated at 27.7 million people (Ethnologue). For example someone from the Zulu clan would be addressed Mageba! (when addressing someone of the Ndlovu clan) and Sanibonani Mageba! There are 3 click sounds in Zulu: Zulu Alphabet. We thank you beautiful lady, it is you who is getting married The Nguni people have lived together with other Southern tribes like the San and Khoi. Zulu has about 19 000 words and one of the most complex grammars in the world. Zulu is an agglutinative language, i.e., grammatical functions are expressed by adding prefixes and suffixes to stems. The Zulu language has a lot of click sounds common in Southern African languages. is that zulu is (l) while xhosa is xhosa (xhosa language). Each class has a different set of prefixes for marking numbers (singular and plural). Det er gratis at tilmelde sig og byde på jobs. When they came into contact with Khoisan-speaking people, the Zulus adopted some of the vocabulary, and the click consonants of the Khoisan languages. The Zulu, Xhosa, and other Nguni people have lived in South Africa for a long time. uMkhize drizzle However, with practice, you'll get them down. Some clan names are similar to those of natural phenomena, for example: uZulu sky, heaven There has been a steady growth of Zulu publications since 1930. You will carry a bucket (my child) to collect water (my child) Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. A Zulu person will always appreciate your use of their clan name. It was not written down until missionaries came from Europe. Chief Mangosuthu “Gatsha” Buthelezi Zulu is a Category II language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English. (pp. The wealth of Khoisan words and sounds bear witness to the early contact including intermarriage and a sharing of cultures between the Xhosa and Khoisan people. But we don’t say that you’ve overcome, Uyabona namhla’ (ngane yami) komunye umuzi (ngane yami) koluny’ usiko (ngane yami) zuz’phathe kahle, oh, ngane yami (x2) A click is a sound produced with the tongue or the lips without using the lungs. Population and Geography don’t pay attention to what people say (my child), you must behave well (oh my child), Uyabona namhla’ (ngane yam) komunye umuzi (ngane yami), koluny’ usiko (ngane yam) zuz’phathe kahle, oh, ngane yami (x3). Note that the words of the song are also culturally significant – traditionally a newly married woman is meant to show great respect to her new family and is often given many household tasks to perform. Siyakubonga ntomb’ entle (We thank you beautiful lady), Siyakubonga ntomb’ entle, sithi nguwe lo oshadayo The three are mutually intelligible but are considered to be separate languages for political and cultural reasons. Zulu is also spoken and understood in parts of Malawi, Swaziland and Mozambique. Approximately 10.7 million Learning the Zulu alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. English-Zulu/Zulu-English, C M Doke, D M Malcolm, J M A Sikakana, B W Vilakazi, Witwatersrand University Press, Famous Zulu-Speakers The pocket of air produced by the resulting enclosure is rarefied by the sucking action of the tongue. Most syllables end in a vowel, and there are no consonant clusters. Click consonants are the defining feature of the Khoisan languages, but neighbouring languages like Zulu and Xhosa also incorporate them. History Zulu, is one of the 11 official languages of the Republic of South Africa where it is spoken by 11.7 6 million speakers as a first language and by an estimated 15.7 million speakers as a second language. Zulu is closely related to Xhosa, Swati, and Ndebele. Learn isiZulu. Battle of Isandlwana – 22 January 1879 (Anglo-Zulu War), Speak Zulu With Us (Intermediate to Advanced), If you are using a PC running Microsoft Windows click on this, If you are using a UNIX based system click on this. Zulu is used in primary schools up to the second grade and is studied as a subject in both primary and secondary schools up to the tenth grade. When a stranger calls at someones kraal, he or she will always shout out the isithakazelo of that kraal, for example Eh! Zulu clicks make the experience of speaking Zulu completely different than speaking English or another European language. Further Reading The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language The Zulu, like Xhosa and other Nguni people, have lived in South Africa for a long time. Translingual. Izibongo zeNkosi eNkulu u Shaka kaSenzangakhona kaJama, uZULU!!! C'est l'une des langues comptant le … Most Khoisan languages, on the other hand (with the notable exceptions of Naro and Sandawe ), use a more iconic system based on the pipe | . The Nguni people have coexisted with other Southern tribes like the San and Khoi. Release of the forward closure results in a pop-like sound. © 2020 - All Rights Reserved. (referring to the Ndlovu clan). March 20th, 2014. This sharing became evident in the Zulu language, especially in the click sounds. Le zoulou (isiZulu en zoulou) est une langue appartenant au groupe nguni (qui comprend également le xhosa et le ndébélé) des langues bantoues. The status of Zulu, like all other African languages in the Republic of South Africa, is complex. Below is a table of Xhosa consonants. MustGo.com. Mama Lisa. They are marked with a raised /ʱ/. Compare these equivalents of ‘What’s your name?’ in these four languages: Below are a few common words and phrases in Zulu. One interesting theory about how this may have happened is described here: Zulu has a Roman-based orthography which was developed by Christian missionaries in the 19th century and adapted to represent the sounds of the language. Here are some more surnames (izibongo) and address names (izithakazelo): References: Here’s a video about testing to see if someone is a native Zulu speaker and also a demonstration of how to make the Zulu click consonants… Enjoy! x : pronounced as k, but with the tongue pressed against the side teeth. Two people known to each other will greet each other using the isithakazelo, eg. As a adjective zulu is (l). Zulu, Roger and Pat de la Harpe, Barry Leitch, Sue Derwent, Struik Publishers, 1998, Zulu Dictionaries / The phonology of Zulu is characterized by a simple vowel inventory and a complex system of consonants. Dahalo, a Cushitic language of Kenya, uses only one click. The Zulu nation, under the leadership of King Shaka, became a powerful force in the 120s but the independent Zulu kingdom was crushed in the Anglo-Zulu war of 1879. Zulu and all other native Southern African languages was at first an oral language. Good bye (to one and to more than one respectively, practitioner of traditional herbal medicine in traditional South African communities, /c, ɟ, ɬ, ɮ, x, ɦ, ɣ̈/ have no equivalents in English. This online Zulu Typing is base on Google transliteration. Although vowel length distinguishes word meaning, length is not represented in writing, except for â and ä. Zulu has a complex system of consonants, including some uncommon ones. Dental clicks are represented by the letter c, alveolar clicks are indicated by q, and lateral clicks are written with the letter x. Zulu Culture https://zuluculture.co.za, Abakwa-Maduna, Mdlalose – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan…, Abakwa-Maduma – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan Names,…, Abakwa-Madonsela – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan Names,…, Abakwa-Madondo – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan Names,…, Abakwa-Maduna, Mdlalose – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan Names, History, Abakwa-Maduma – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan Names, History, Abakwa-Madonsela – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan Names, History, Abakwa-Madondo – Izithazakelo, Umlando, Clan Names, History. Zulu Clan Praises by Douglas Mzolo in Argyle, J & Preston Whyte, E – Social System and Tradition in South Africa. 2. A male-only choir is led by a main singer who also composes the songs. Privacy Policy Clicks Other Comparisons: What's the difference? It is a southern Bantu language with typical Bantu agglutinative morphology which includes a noun-class system commanding agreement at the nominal, pronominal and verbal levels. Ejective It was not written down until missionaries came from Europe. 4. Uzothwal’ umgqomo, uyokh’ amanzi The Zulu language possesses several click sounds typical of Southern African languages, not found in the rest of Africa. In modern times Chief Buthelezi has been the most important political figure in KwaZulu-Natal. The most populous languages with clicks, Zulu and Xhosa, use the letters c, q, x, by themselves and in digraphs, to write click consonants. Karl is one of the local staff members at Ongava Lodge outside Etosha National Park in Namibia. A recent Pan South African Language Board survey on Language Use and Language Interaction in South Africa found that Zulu is growing faster as a home language than any of the other languages. nc : pronounced as n but with the tip of the tongue pressed against the top front teeth. Married women never address their husbands by name or clan name, but always use the address name. . Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Zulu Clan Names (Izibongo) Using address names shows politeness and respect. The first Zulu version of the bible was produced between 1845-1883, and the first Zulu grammar book was publish in 1850 by the Norwegian … Similar to all other local South African languages, Zulu was an oral language until it came in contact with the missionaries from Europe who documented Zulu using the Latin alphabet. He opposed the apartheid government’s attempts to create a Bantustan out of Zululand and formed the second Inkatha movement in 1975, thereby increasing the Zulu sense of nationhood and ensuring the support of his followers. Implosive consonants The Zulu language is called Zulu or isizulu. uLuthuli dust. 1. Zulu (isiZulu) is a southern Bantoid language spoken in the KwaZulu-Natal Province in South Africa (formerly called Zululand). (In Khoisan languages, it's 40 to 60 percent.) Linguists believe clicks spread to these languages through intermarriage and interaction with the neighbouring San peoples. We wish you success in everything you do, Kodwa asish’ ukuthi zonqobile (x 2) The Khoisan languages, it 's 40 to 60 percent. that has existed in the.... Pocket of air produced by inhaling rather than exhaling the air after the noun they modify he stands in and... Top of the verb compound ) incorporated into the language parts of Malawi, and! 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A stranger calls at someones kraal, he or she will always appreciate your use of their clan name can... Languages, not found in the world thus the clan name Qwabe has the address name ( isithakazelo.... … Xhosa is a sound produced with the tongue pressed against the top front teeth on! Word meaning use clicks the ICAO spelling alphabet a first language and by an estimated 15.7 million speakers as first. At tilmelde sig og byde på jobs than one orthography over the years ICAO spelling alphabet how to write Zulu! Sounds of the clan name you can ask Ungowaphi missionaries came from Europe to...